Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. 1167746 The otter is at the top of the aquatic food chain in much of its range today, with no natural predators. There will be more Otter inventions soon, I promise! Otters in England and Wales are mainly found on freshwater systems but they can also exploit coastal habitats, and there is growing evidence that they … The European otter is protected in various international conventions, including the European Union’s Habitats and Species Directive and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), where it is listed in Appendix 1, which prohibits all trade in individuals from the wild. Origin & Distribution: The otter is a secretive semi-aquatic species which was once widespread in Britain. Otters also have an acute sense of smell! The main problem the otter has faced in the recent past has been habitat loss and hunting by humans, but with conservation efforts addressing those issues in the UK, its population has expanded again, and its future now looks assured here. Please pass this on to an otter group in that area, so they can add the information to their database for monitoring and survey purposes. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/otters-protection-surveys-and-licences Fencing can be a contentious subject for some due to cost, but it needn’t be. The eyes are located on the top of the head, so that they are above the water when the animal is swimming. Although it was previously widespread in Japan, it is now believed to be extinct there. Shetland in particular has a dense population of otters, and is estimated to be home to 12% of the UK total for the species. Whether it a glimpse of water-webbed whiskers, a lithe body porpoising in play, or the tip of a ruddering tail, the sight of a shy otter is one of the most rewarding wildlife experiences in the UK. 2020 Census Homeless. Skip to main content The Wildlife Trusts. The dense fur acts as insulation, helping to keep it warm in the water, and the guard hairs are covered in a water-repelling oil, which keeps the skin underneath dry. The otter’s droppings are known as spraint and otters use them to mark their territories How to recognise In the UK otters can only really be confused with the introduced American mink, but otters are much larger (95-130cm in length, including tail), with a distinctive white throat. We do not want to see otters persecuted because people feel they have no other avenue, and we do not want to see beautiful fishing waters closed down when there is help available. Historically, otters Lutra lutra occurred over most of the UK. This information may get into the wrong hands. The European otter is classified as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, meaning that it is likely to be considered threatened in the near future. The otter’s coat is brown on top, while the underside is a paler cream colour. Since these were withdrawn from use, otters … Once you locate otters, take note of behaviour, weather and river conditions, numbers, and other general details of what you saw, along with times and dates. 1: Do your research. 605079649. With a range of cover options, switching temperatures and certifications, Otter has a thermostat for your next project. 6: NEVER BAIT AREAS OR OTTERS. (AP Photo/David Becker, File) 2 / 5. Dodson claims the Environment Agency reintroduced otters to a nearby river without informing him and that the otters ate all the stocked fish in … nets and traps). 12: Keep track. We are happy to visit fisheries to advise on the best preventative measure(s). … What measures? 2: Prioritise species safety. Are otters a problem for freshwater fisheries? A female otter reaches sexual maturity at between 18 months and 2 years of age, although most breeding begins at between 2 and 3 years. Journal of Zoology. It’s important to know your target species’ habitat, behaviour and feeding patterns before setting out. I ordered SAMSUNG OTTER + POP SYMMETRY GALAXY S20 BLACK Item No: 77-64209 and paid extra to have it shipped overnight. The otter is active mainly at dusk or after dark, and during the day rests in a burrow, known as a holt, that it makes in riverbanks or under the roots of a tree. Please remain aware of how the otter is behaving. In the UK, otters almost became extinct in the fifties and sixties because of rivers contaminated with chemical residues. Anti-Spider Protection Vehicle otter 2016-11-22T10:36:29+00:00. 1. Otter numbers plummeted in Britain in the 1950s due largely to pollution from pesticides and habitat loss. Predation by otters can have a serious impact on both private and commercial fisheries. Like all predators, the otter fulfils a regulatory function on the numbers of the species that it preys upon. However, we can help those affected. The otter has good senses of sight, hearing and smell, and the long whiskers on each side of its snout are highly sensitive to touch, helping it to find food in murky conditions underwater. Mating takes place in the water, and can occur throughout the year; there is no fixed breeding season. The otter was once widespread throughout the UK and Europe. Please feel free to contact us directly if we can help! 11: Seek advice. Our vision is of a revitalised wild forest in the Highlands of Scotland, providing space for wildlife to flourish and communities to thrive. A detailed survey in 2003-04 of 1,376 sites all over the country found evidence of otters at 92% of them, including in large urban areas such as Glasgow, Edinburgh and Dundee. Since July 1988 at least 300 otters have been run over in England and Wales. Search. Below are some illustrations of fencing that has been successfully installed to prevent otter predation. long. If you’re unsure about anything at all, there are many good otter conservation and education groups that are willing to help you and answer any questions. 3. These are very important, as they are used to communicate with other otters. Please remain aware of how the otter is behaving. 2. The hedgehog tick (Ixodes hexagonus), which is a close relative of the deer tick (Ixodes ricinus), is also a common parasite on otters. Here you’ll find many useful information sheets about otters, and what to do if you happen to find one. Its range also encompasses Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia in North Africa, Middle Eastern countries from Turkey to Iran and Afghanistan, the Himalayan river valleys of Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan, and parts of Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. In recent years the otter has encountered new and varied threats, including habitat destruction (road building, new urban development), persecution by fishery owners and gamekeepers (as they are seen as a threat to fish and game birds – which is untrue), and if near the sea, injury and capture in fishing nets. In recent years, though, the otter has recovered considerably in the UK and much of Europe due to conservation efforts and the banning of pesticides such as dieldrin. I can add it to my list of ‘very important things to invent really soon’. The ponds also provide otters with a source of fish, and disused beaver lodges are used by otters for shelter. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. Recent Stories. 9: Never disclose exact locations on public or social media sites. We will help erect fencing if it is possible and feasible for us to do so; The otter also has some other adaptations that support its aquatic lifestyle, including its sleek, streamlined body shape, the ability to close its nose and ears with flaps of skin when underwater, and webbing between the toes of its feet. The return of otters to the UK. Nowadays, these charismatic animals can be seen in every county in the UK. 8: Stay aware. 8: Stay aware. These are covered in fur, but have their eyes closed for the first 5 weeks. However, at some point during a product’s life cycle, some units may develop problems. In mainland Europe, otter territories often overlap with those of the European beaver, and the ponds created by beavers are important for otters in rivers where there is little deep water. In some parts of its range, including India, Pakistan, Burma and Thailand, it is already considered to be Endangered, and in Mongolia it is listed as Critically Endangered. Other Problems Your console has been manufactured under strict quality standards, as required by the regulations governing the manufacture of electronic devices. In parts of their range, otters are also threatened by hunting, and bycatch in some fishing gears (e.g. on average, although large males have been recorded reaching up to 17 kg. One of the golden rules is to please take your litter home with you, because this can seriously injure all wildlife. A physical barrier that otters cannot climb over, pass through or under is the most effective deterrent for managed stillwater fisheries and fish farms. It is territorial and solitary, and will mark its territory with spraints, or droppings that are left on distinctive points, such as rocks or fallen trees. The prevalence of Pseudoterranova decipiens (Nematoda) and Corynosoma strumosum (Acanthocephala) in otters Lutra lutra from coastal sites in Britain. If you suspect pollution of watercourses, please call the Environment Agency as a matter of urgency to report this ASAP. 10: Always keep dogs on leads – no matter how well behaved they may be –and under control near watercourses and rivers, especially if you know that otters may be nearby. The male plays little, if any, role in rearing the young. It’s important to watch them responsibly, so we’ve produced a simple advice guide to help you to understand the dangers that otters face — and to help you enjoy them as much as we do. Trees for Life is a registered Scottish charity – number SC021303. Several factors … They leave the protection of their mothers at 10 – 12 months and can breed at 2 years old. If you have any ideas for an invention then please do let me know. (Copyright on fence and costings image remains the sole property of Joss Faulkner, and should not be reproduced without express permission.). in body length, with a tail that is up to 45 cm. They say to use chat but no one answers at chat - even during the work hours they are open. 7: Never remove spraints (dung). Many people ask us where they can see otters. However, in the past it is likely that wolves (Canis lupus) preyed on the otter, as wolves in North America today are known to catch the related North American river otter (Lontra canadensis). The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. With climate change, housing and an ageing demographic key social issues facing the UK in 2020, we take a closer look at what we can do to make society stronger. To grasp its prey, the otter has sharp, non-retractable claws on its feet, which each have five toes. Main navigation. With a good membership behind you, the protection can be installed for very little – in almost 100% of cases, for much less than just one prize fish. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. Otter offers a variety of different themostats including the versatile G-series, robust V series, and the fluid optimised Y1 series. If otters fascinate you, below are some interesting otter facts. If you’re going out with another photographer, ensure that you know them and their behaviour, and that you’re both on the same page. Otters that live along coastlines feed mainly on crabs and dogfish (Scyliorhinus spp.). "It's not physically possible for them to spread very quickly," said Yoxon. 3: Know your companions. and the use of this iconic species to raise awareness of pollution problems and the benefits of action to improve the environment. It does not work as advertised because it won't support wireless charging. Otters also have an acute sense of smell! We are very happy to advise on any aspect of fishery protection – simply get in touch for more information. Captive otters have been recorded eating an average of 1.5 kg. The otter occurs throughout Scotland, both on the mainland, and on many of the islands, including Mull, Skye, the Western Isles, Orkney and Shetland. 5: Always stay downwind. A high number population of sea urchin can be reduce and reach its normal number of population because sea otter feeds on it. But she must first deal with the ice before she can have her tasty reward. The otter can live for up to 10 years, but in the wild its average lifespan is often 3-4 years. Otters in fish hatcheries, stocked ponds, or private waterways can wreak havoc in a short amount of time. 7: Never remove spraints (dung). Males, known as dogs, are longer than the females, which are called bitches. The floods of last autumn and winter have compounded the problem. Changes in traditional farming methods also play a part in threatening the otter via the increasing use … Otters that live in coastal waters need to visit fresh water regularly to clean their fur. The Environment Agency can be contacted on 03708 5060506 (ask for the local Biodiversity & Fisheries Officer). (1990). In the UK, the otter is protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act and is listed as a priority species for conservation under the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP). The hind feet are larger than the forefeet, to provide greater propulsion while swimming. Eurasian otter numbers began declining in the 1950s until the species became almost extinct in England and Wales, although a small population survived in Scotland. 6: NEVER BAIT AREAS OR OTTERS. Do your homework to ensure that you’re fully educated before venturing out to otter spot. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. Unlike other parts of the UK, where they occur mainly in freshwater ecosystems (rivers and lakes), otters in Scotland live along coastlines, as well as in lochs and rivers. The European otter is a medium-sized carnivore in the Mustelidae, or weasel, family, which also includes the pine marten, badger and stoat. Pollution from pesticides, mercury, oil spillages and PCB’s are still a hazard to otter populations in some countries, as well as habitat destruction on land and in the water. About us. We all know that we’re unable to fence every mile of water, and also that otters are here to stay as a (rightfully) protected species. of food per day. A fish farmer who claims his business was ruined after otters ate all of his 22,000 prized carp has been told his argument for damages is "hopeless". Considerable advice is available to establish whether it is otters that are causing problems to a fishery, and if so whether compromise measures such as decoy ponds etc might be sufficient. Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. The most common issues with otters center on specialty facilities being invaded by the hungry mammals. The spraints usually contain fish bones and have a distinctive, pleasant smell, sometimes compared to that of jasmine tea. Ring pulls and empty cans, for instance, can be a hazard to otters in or near water, not to mention the risk of cutting humans or other wildlife. Aside from polluted habitats, hunting also contributed to the decline in their population. We will advise on suitable fencing and how it should be erected; We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The European or Eurasian otter is the most widely-distributed of the world’s 12 otter species, and it occurs throughout Europe and much of Northern Asia, including Russia, China and the Korean peninsula. In Europe the otter populations declined substantially in the 1960s and 1970s, due to mortalities caused by pesticide use. This decline was caused by organo-chlorine pesticides. Otter Nuisance Concerns: Otters are mischievous by nature and this makes them ingenious when it comes to creating problems in human environments. SC143304, with registered offices at The Park, Findhorn Bay, Forres, Moray, IV36 3TH. Like most wild mammals, the otter is host to a range of parasites, and these include a common trematode (Pseudamphistomum truncatum) and a fluke (Metorchis albidus), which have been found in otter gall bladders. Two species of tapeworms (Diphyllobothrium latum and Diphyllobothrium medium) that are parasites of fish have been found in otters. Mortality can be high amongst young otters, often due to starvation when they disperse in areas where there are well-defended territories of adults. Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. Organochlorine chemicals which are found in pesticides contaminated rivers in England rendering them uninhabitable for fish and otters. - 4 - The revised (2006) Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) target for otters in England was for at least 997 10km squares to show signs of otter occupation by 2010 and for 1084 10km squares to show signs of otter occupation by 2015. Fortunately, in 2011, the Environment Agency announced their return. We are unable to confirm exact number of otters, but we can give simple advice to enable both species to co-exist. Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. Predation can eat into the profits of those with vested interests in fish, but measures can be taken to prevent otters from taking stock from still-water fisheries. Otters have acute hearing and will hear you from a long way off. Discover where otters live in the UK, how you can spot their signs, and where you can see them for yourself. 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