Appearance of light yellow foliage with loss of turgidity and epinasty. The list … Aphid: Serious and common pest of Guava. Among the more important are guava whitefly, red-banded thrips, guava fruit moth, Caribbean fruit fly, mealybugs and several species of scales. The affected leaves curl and [2] Guavas also grow in southwestern Europe, specifically the Costa del Sol on Málaga, (Spain) and Greece where guavas have been commercially grown since the middle of the 20th century and they proliferate as cultivars. In many countries, guava is eaten raw, typically cut into quarters or eaten like an apple; it is also eaten with a pinch of salt and pepper, cayenne powder or a mix of spices (masala). The striped mealybug, Ferrista virgata (Ckll.) Pest Management and Economic Zoology. [3], The term guava appears to have been derived from Arawak guayabo 'guava tree', via the Spanish guayaba. In the Philippines, ripe guava is used in cooking sinigang. The infestation of the pest may be identified by the presence of irregular tunnels and patches covered with silken web consisting of excreta and chewed up wood particles on the shoots, branches, stem and main trunk. The entire fruit is a key ingredient in punch, and the juice is often used in culinary sauces (hot or cold), ales, candies, dried snacks, fruit bars, and desserts, or dipped in chamoy. The larvae of these flies then consume the fruit until they can proceed into the pupa stage. Although, this pest is found in several parts of India like Bihar, Orissa, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, it is more common and destructive on guava … It has been adapted in many European and Asian languages, having a similar form. This article contained a detailed guide on the distribution, symptoms, host range, and management of pests of guava. Some of the twigs become bare and fail to bring forth new leaves or flowers and … Adults are larger than many of the whitefly species and white in colour with waxy coating on the body. Remove and destroy damaged leaves along with life stages. [2][4][5] Archaeological sites in Peru yielded evidence of guava cultivation as early as 2500 BC. The most frequently eaten species, and the one often simply referred to as "the guava", is the apple guava (Psidium guajava). The seeds in the central pulp vary in number and hardness, depending on species. Low in calories per typical serving, and with few essential nutrients, a single common guava (P. guajava) fruit contains 257% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin C (table). Guava wood is used for meat smoking in Hawaii, and is used at barbecue competitions across the United States. Among the more important are guava whitefly, red-banded thrips, guava fruit moth, Caribbean fruit fly, mealybugs and several species of scales. About 80 species of insect pests have been recorded on guava, but only few of them had been identified as pest of regular occurrence and causing serious damage. [2] The bacterium Erwinia psidii causes rot diseases of the apple guava. Subsequently, premature shedding and defoliation. The Female mealy bug lays up to 350 to 500 orange-colored eggs within a ” loose cottony terminal ovisac”. Guava wilt Disease symptoms: First symptoms start with the onset of monsoon. Diseases 3. The outer skin may be rough, often with a bitter taste, or soft and sweet. Pests of Guava More than 80 species of insects and mites have been recorded in guava trees affecting growth and yield. [18], This article is about the fruit. ), fruit fly ( Bactrocera spp.) Guava seed oil, which may be used for culinary or cosmetics products, is a source of beta carotene, vitamin A, vitamin C, copper, zinc and selenium,[citation needed] and is particularly rich in linoleic acid. The easiest way to prevent insect damage in your garden is to discourage them from coming in the first place. Guava fruits,[10] usually 4 to 12 centimetres (1.6 to 4.7 in) long, are round or oval depending on the species. Eggs are laid in a spiraling pattern (concentric circles) on the undersurface of leaves. It is also a suspected vector of mycoplasma disease, lethal yellowing in coconut. It damages the tender shoots. Sarwar (2006) reported mealy bugs, stink bug, red-banded thrips, guava moth, guava whitefly and scale insect are major insect pests of guava in Pakistan. [12] Nutrient content varies across guava cultivars. The fruits are many-seeded berries. Pest Control in Guava Cultivation. A guide to Guava plant diseases and pests.. California Department of Food and Agriculture … Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. 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