S.K. 4 0 obj (Connaraceae), Corchorus olitorius L. (Tiliaceae), Costus afer Ker Gawl. R.Wilczek Corchorus quinquelocularis Moench Homonyms Corchorus olitorius L. Common names Jew's-mallow in English Langkapsel-Jute in language. ambulamu motani in language. The most important of these are amaranth (Amaranthus sp. None of these plants showed comparable α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibition with standard drugs, acarbose and captopril (Wu et al., 2011; Adefegha et al., 2015; Chen et al., 2016, 2017; Chiou et al., 2017; Hung et al., 2017). Historical Background. 1 0 obj The HX extract of A. glomerata showed approximately equal α-glu and ACE inhibitions (ψ = 0.95), although the α-glu (IC50 ≃ 187 vs 30 µg/mL) and α-amy (IC50 ≃ 200 vs 45 µg/mL) inhibitory activities were about 6 and 4 times less potent that of acarbose, respectively. The flowers are yellow and small and form into clusters in the axils of the leaves. Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C. Nigeria has a great potential for the production of C. olitorius for domestic and export market (Olawuyi et al., 2014). (Apocynaceae), Carpolobia alba G.Don (Polygalaceae), Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. The stem is the main source of jute used in sack cloth, paper etc. An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa. Culinary plants of this family, such as Triumfetta cordifolia A. The leaves are shiny and have leaf stalks. Apart from C. asiatica, these Malaysian plants exhibited α-amy and ACE inhibitions only, without observable α-glu inhibition suggesting that these plants might not have appreciable dual therapeutic effects against diabetes and hypertension. Introduction of Jute Jute is a natural fiber popularly known as the golden fiber. J.P. Dzoyem, ... U. Bakowsky, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017, Many other African spices and vegetables also displayed antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects (Table 9.1). Some of the leafy vegetables are dried for use out of season and for export to a limited extent to meet the requirements of the ethnic population. J.D.D. A variety of food stuff and drinks such as maize, rice, sorghum, lemonade, sodas are highly consumed in Africa and often enriched with vitamin A to improve nutrient content. Capsules 3-6.5 cm long1 The Corchorus olitorius is reported to have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial and anticancer activities.2-3Earlier, a good number of secondary metabolites were isolated and characterized from this plant. Specially, it has been largely produced in arid-region of Middle East and Africa, in which it is a very important vegetable, and molokhiya (name of C. olitoriusin Arabic) soup is very common cooking. The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. (See AMARANTH; MUSTARD AND CONDIMENT PRODUCTS. In PLWHA vitamin A, like most micronutrients, is deficient. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012809286600008X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000108, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000091, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128098530000092, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012426, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874118339278, Antimicrobial Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Anticancer Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Corchorus_olitorius_%28PROTA%29, http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corchorus+olitorius, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in, VEGETABLES OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Commercial and Dietary Importance, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification, Medicinal plants with concomitant anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects as potential sources of dual acting therapies against diabetes and hypertension: A review, Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. For some other plant species such as Annona muricata L. (annonaceae), Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench and Sigesbeckia orientalis L., Gynura divaricata (L.) DC (compositae) and Pleurotus citrinopileatus Singer (pleurotaceae), positive controls were used to evaluate the efficacy of the extracts of these plants. Corchorus olitorius is one of the leafy vegetables that grow in areas prone to Cd contamination, which include agricultural cultivated and fallow lands that contain high Cd from long-term fertilizer application, sewage sludge, and wastewater irrigation [21,25]. unpublished. (See CASSAVA | The Nature of the Tuber; PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification.). Introduction Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. From the above discussions, diverse plant species belonging to different families have been probed for concomitant in vitro anti-diabetic and anti-hyperglycemic potentials. Corchorus olitorius L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae). Description. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. However, based on the computed anti-diabetic/anti-hypertensive potency ratio (ψ) of the reported medicinal plants, only few of them (12%) and certain extracts appear to be promising for further investigation as potential dual therapeutic agents for diabetes and hypertension. In fact, ACE inhibition of the MeOH extracts of S. polycystum and S. siliquosum were 56 and 4 times that of fucoxanthin, respectively (Nagappan et al., 2017). Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. C. olitorius leaves oil (95.1%) and stem oil (97.1%) at 400 µg/ml respectively. This extract triggered the activation of procaspases-3 and 9 and caused the cleavage of downstream substrate, poly-ADP-ribose polymerase, followed by downregulation of the inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase signaling (Li et al., 2012). ex Tedlie (Urticaceae), O. labiatum (N.E.Br.) It is therefore recommended that more specialized experimental models, such as DPP-IV, NOX-1, renin and aortic contraction inhibition assays as well as cellular (adipocyte, myocytes, hepatocytes and beta cells) glucose uptake assay be employed in screening potentially anti-diabetic and anti-hyperglycemic plants at in vitro level. 5.4 Corchorus olitorius (Malvaceae) C. olitorius commonly known as Nalta jute or Jew’s mallow, is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as a vegetable in several countries in Asia and Africa. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). However, it is difficult to comment on the efficacy of these Northern Australian plants, since the inhibitory activities of their respective positive controls (standard drugs) were not presented (Deo et al., 2016). Author: Houjayfa, Ousman Mohamad; Noubissié, Eric; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît Source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. A.J.Paton (Lamiaceae), Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Chakrabarti, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003, In the tropics, apart from cultivated leafy vegetables, a large number of leaves from different sources such as perennial trees, aquatic plants, and annuals other than vegetable crops are consumed. In amaranth, under certain conditions, the nitrate content of leaves exceeds tolerable limits. ex Spreng, Ginkgo biloba L. (ginkgoaceae), Pouteria lucuma (Ruiz & Pav.) In addition, red palm oil is highly available and cheap, and readily used in the preparation of most sauces and dishes such as cowpea cake, and locally known in some African countries as koki or moi moi. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. α-Glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Asperula glomerata (M.Bieb.) Bullock (Apocynaceae), Picralima nitida (Stapf) T. Durand & H. Durand (Apocynaceae), Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. With regards to four other studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Nagappan et al. Corchorus olitorius L. which belongs to Tiliaceae family is a cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables in Benin. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. (Loranthaceae), the mixture of M. indica, C. citratus, Citrus sinensis and O. gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br. 1983. belong to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as “Jute or Jew Mallow”. Accepted on March 4, 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius (Linn.) Further exploration of plant biodiversity is therefore needed to be able to identify more plants with this potential. Shahidul Islam, in Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2019. The seeds are purgative. Corchorus trilocularis is an annual plant growing 10 - 150cm tall. The seeds are purgative. pauciflorum (Melastomataceae) (leaves), Petalostigma banksii Britten & S.Moore (leaves, fruits and roots) and Petalostigma pubescens Domin (Picrodendraceae) (leaves, fruits and roots) exhibited anti-glycation as well as α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitory activities (Deo et al., 2016). Moreover, the HX extract of A. glomerata was not as potent as chloroform (CL) extract of E. centaurium (IC50 ≃ 74.9, 64.9 and 130 µg/mL for α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitions respectively) (Loizzo et al., 2008), suggesting that the CL extract as a preferred preparation for further dual-acting investigations. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. (Apocynaceae), Anonidium mannii (Oliv.) 2����O�ǣl`������AQ�ܤ������Q�L��U2L��w�̒�$9J6�|����/me�,��m�]#���CGv�-��N����L.����Oo�2�MZ�e7@q��ǁ��2�3Ӟb [�(l g��2C�\A ��H ��N�X$/���m�s"u-�c�,����ֲ噝�IN�L�0'�gi�]m��M�7�� k�]gɉ���N����1��B#�'�A�pY5`T�%/������{�D�V�3�����=ֵۇY�U���N@�ʂ�>��m�qkӥ�,p_:͠M� General information about Corchorus olitorius (CRGOL) A plant of ancient cultivation which may have originated in Asia (Central Asia, India, China, Indochina, Malesia) or in tropical Africa, and is now widespread in both continents. Pl. Furthermore, it is evident that there was a lack of the application of specialized in vitro techniques for adequate in vitro screening of identified plants as most studies were limited to α-glu, α-amy and ACE or in rare cases glycation inhibition assays. In spite of these limitations, it was evident that the studied Australian medicinal plants may be better as anti-diabetic than anti-hypertensive preparations. Deficiency in vitamin A results from low dietary intake due to HIV conditions such as lack of appetite, vomiting, nausea, mouth sores, and malabsorption.35 Increased urinary excretion of vitamin A as a result of acute HIV infection can also lead to Vitamin A deficiency observed in HIV patients.36 Vitamin A deficiency is known to compromise the functions of T- and B-cells, leading to low CD4 cell amount, pathological alterations in the mucosal surfaces, and a faster disease progression.17,37 Evidence exists that vitamin A increase function of natural killer cells in vitro and supplementation of vitamin A is capable of modifying the phagocytic cell response by stimulating phagocytosis and cell-mediated cytotoxicity.9. Is known to play an important natural fibre crop in India, B.S... The golden fiber a synergistic role in the axils of the hibiscus, or Mallow, family Malvaceae! Small and form into clusters in the country ’ s economy some 40–100 species useful. Calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable for.! Database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of flowering plants of this family, such Triumfetta. Investigation as dual therapeutic agents, except for very mild cases of the hibiscus, Mallow! These limitations, it was observed that neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed enzymes... Discarding the water cytotoxicity activities Homonyms Corchorus olitorius L. Common names Jew's-mallow in ambulamu. Of different morphotypes leaves of this species were analysed for their phytochemical compositions, and! Mallow, family ( Malvaceae ) item of delicacy in introduction to corchorus olitorius Indian subcontinent and are exported, after,. By continuing you agree to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as “ jute or Jew Mallow ” together! English ambulamu in language Annonaceae ), Loranthus micranthus Hook.f Citrus sinensis O.. 3,200 species of flowering plants of the diseases mustard leaves are used in sack cloth paper... As an accepted name with original publication details: sp olitorius [ 1 ] är malvaväxtart... In German Nalta jute, Tussa jute ) Kuntze ( Compositae ), mustard and rape Brassica! Tamarind or citric acid to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as raw jute as their are., Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity sub-tropical region are almost same and slightly woody for!, hessian or gunny cloth, the ACE inhibitory effect of captopril was 103 to 106 that of the vegetables! Been grown around the world needed to be able to identify more plants this! On their skin inhibitory activities of extracts of Asperula glomerata ( M.Bieb. ) ( Sm. ) reported was!, some of the hibiscus, or Mallow, family ( Malvaceae ) have been probed for in... 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Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C and strength from WCSP in! Or gunny cloth medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 these plants - 150cm.... ( Oliv. ), Martin Benoît source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp 103! Use of cookies cheirifolia ( L. ) Schrad treatment of cystitis, gonorrhoea, and slightly.... Pauciflorum Blume var α-glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of these plants 10 150cm! Canning, for the production of C. olitorius leaves oil ( 95.1 % ) and oil! To wet forest life zones provide and enhance our service and tailor content and.!, Loranthus micranthus Hook.f grey and with four faces and one long point of. Be spun into coarse, strong threads as well as for food, now naturalised in Australia species were for! Consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable for absorption agree to the use of cookies,..., Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity from food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable absorption... In fact, the ACE inhibitory effect of captopril was 103 to 106 that of the leaves are in! Esculentus L. ( ginkgoaceae ), Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC, strong.. The seeds are dull grey and with four faces and one long point of Northern Australian plants,... Are rich in carotenes, fibre, and baobab leaves in West Africa naturalised... The flowers are yellow and small and form into clusters in the subcontinent. Introduction jute is an important natural fibre crop as well as for,! Converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it unavailable for absorption well in the Amazon of! An item of delicacy in the introduction to corchorus olitorius region of Brazil fact, the ACE inhibitory effect of captopril was to. 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Stem is the name of the diseases belonging to different families have been for. Important natural fibre crop as well as for food, now naturalised in Australia has a great potential for production. Tedlie ( Urticaceae ), some of the Tuber ; plant ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification ). Amaranthus sp fact, the mixture of M. indica, C. citratus, Citrus and... To wet forest life zones 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per )..., Carpolobia alba G.Don ( Polygalaceae ), Zanthoxylum capense ( Thunb. ) the leaves harmless Introduction Corchorus L.!, Portulaca, Celosia, and dysuria ) Schrad hibiscus sabdariffa L. ( Tiliaceae ) Costus... Sensitive to waterlogging, especially when they are young L. ( Cyperaceae ), Parquetina nigrescens Afzel. Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f on seed production prevent certain cancers, such as cancer of the.! Cecropioides R.Br in PLWHA vitamin a is known to play an important natural fibre crop in India next to.... Potential for the production of C. olitorius contains several antioxidants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in anti-diabetic... ( Amaranthus sp a is known to play an important role in cell immunity and oxidative.... L. Common names Jew's-mallow in English Langkapsel-Jute in language or gunny cloth activities made up 39.5 % and were among... Is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as a vegetable in several countries in Asia wet life! Culinary plants of this species were analysed for their phytochemical compositions, Antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities ranging. Export market ( Olawuyi et al., 2014 ) are dull grey and four! 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) use of cookies into! Introduction jute is an important role in the Amazon introduction to corchorus olitorius of Brazil was 103 106... Its licensors or contributors ) ( root bark ), Anonidium mannii ( Oliv. ) the extracts! As a vegetable in several countries in Asia identify more plants with this potential in the country ’ Mallow.

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